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Help parents with questions about vaccinating their child ages 5 – 11.
- Are COVID-19 vaccines safe for children ages 5 through 11 years?
Yes. The vaccines are safe for children in this age group.
- Tens of millions of children and teens ages 5 through 17 years have received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine.
- Through continued safety monitoring, COVID-19 vaccination has been found safe for children and teens.
Learn more about vaccine safety here.
- What are some possible side effects a child can get after vaccination?
Possible side effects among children after COVID-19 vaccination may include:
- Soreness at the injection site
- Muscle aches
- Low-grade fevers
These side effects may affect your child’s ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days. Some children have no side effects.
The benefits of COVID-19 vaccination outweigh the known and potential risks of getting COVID-19 disease.
- How does COVID-19 vaccine dosage work for children? Is there a difference between the adult/teen and the children 5-11 vaccines?
Unlike many medications, COVID-19 vaccine dosage does not vary by patient weight but by age on the day of vaccination. This is also true for other routinely recommended vaccines, like flu or hepatitis vaccines.
However, the COVID-19 vaccine for children ages 5 through 11 has the same active ingredients as the vaccines given to adults and teens. But, the vaccine for children comes in a different vial with a different color cap to easily separate it from the adult/teen one.
Like adults and teens, children will need a second shot of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at least three weeks after their first shot.
- What happens if a child has a severe reaction after vaccination?
If a child experiences a severe allergic reaction, vaccine providers can quickly treat it and call for emergency medical services if needed.
- How will vaccine safety be monitored in this age group?
- COVID-19 vaccines have undergone – and will continue to undergo – the most intensive safety monitoring in U.S. history. CDC and FDA are using new and established safety monitoring systems. Parents and caregivers can register and enroll their child in v-safe, a free and easy-to-use smartphone-based app. V-safe allows them to report how their child feels days and weeks after vaccination. Additionally, patients, caregivers, and vaccine providers can report serious health events occurring after vaccination to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System(VAERS). CDC and FDA review VAERS data to identify potential safety concerns.
Share information about vaccine safety for pregnant people and their babies.
- How does COVID-19 affect pregnant and recently pregnant women?
If you are pregnant or were recently pregnant, you are more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19 compared to people who are not pregnant. Pregnancy causes changes in the body that could make it easier to get very sick from respiratory viruses like the one that causes COVID-19. These changes in the body can continue after pregnancy.
Severe illness means that the person with COVID-19 may need:
- Admission into an intensive care unit (ICU)
- A ventilator or special equipment to help them breathe
Other factors can further increase the risk of getting very sick from COVID-19 during or recently after pregnancy, such as:
- Having certain underlying medical conditions
- Being older than 25 years
- Living or working in a community with high numbers of COVID-19 cases
- Living or working in a community with low levels of COVID-19 vaccination
- Working in places where it is difficult or not possible to keep at least 6 feet apart from people who might be sick
- Being part of some racial and ethnic minority groups, which have been put at increased risk of getting sick from COVID-19 because of the health inequities they face
- Should I get the COVID-19 vaccine if I'm pregnant or was recently pregnant?
Yes. Getting the COVID-19 vaccine and boosters, is recommended for people who are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to get pregnant now, or might become pregnant in the future.
If you have questions about getting vaccinated, talking with your healthcare professional might help, but it is not required. You can also contact MotherToBaby, a free and confidential service with experts available to answer questions in English or Spanish by phone or chat. They are available Monday–Friday, 8am–5pm (local time). To reach MotherToBaby:
- Call 1-866-626-6847
- Chat live or send an email MotherToBaby
- How can I stay healthy during and after pregnancy?
- Limit in-person interactions with people who might have been exposed to COVID-19.
- If you or someone in your household is sick with COVID-19, follow CDC guidance for isolation.
- Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated indoor spaces.
- Keep all your healthcare appointments during and after pregnancy.
- Talk to your healthcare professional about staying healthy and taking care of yourself and the baby.
- Get recommended vaccines during pregnancy, including the COVID-19 vaccine.
- Call your healthcare professional if you have any concerns about your pregnancy, if you get sick, or if you think you may have COVID-19.
- Do not delay getting emergency care because of worries about getting COVID-19.
- Seek medical care immediately if you experience any urgent maternal warning signs and symptoms. (For example, a headache that won’t go away, dizziness, fever, severe swelling of the hand, face, arm, or leg, trouble breathing, chest pain or fast-beating heart, severe nausea and throwing up, or vaginal bleeding or discharge during or after pregnancy)
- How might COVID-19 affect my delivery and newborn?
People with COVID-19 during pregnancy are more likely to experience complications that can affect their pregnancy and developing baby compared to people without COVID-19 during pregnancy. For example, COVID-19 during pregnancy increases the risk of delivering a preterm (earlier than 37 weeks) or stillborn infant. People with COVID-19 during pregnancy may also be more likely to have other pregnancy complications.
Let patients know booster shots are now available to anyone 18+ who completed their Pfizer or Moderna series 6+ months ago or received their Janssen shot 2+ months ago. Certain groups can get their second boosters 4+ months after the first booster.
Reliable Vaccine Resources
Help patients learn to spot COVID-19 vaccine misinformation and evaluate sources for credibility.
Healthcare Providers Toolkit
Use this toolkit of resources for healthcare providers to share information about vaccines